Arguments offer sound reasoning and evidence to convince an audience to accept something as truth. An argument will offer facts that support the reasoning. It may also offer different perspectives on the issue or may predict and evaluate the consequences of accepting the argument.
50 Argumentative Essay Topics - Homework Tips About.com
Current Issue Topic Ideas - Cape Fear CC Libraries
A-Z Topic List - Rand Research Corp.
ProCon.org - "Source for pros and cons of controversial issues."
Argumentative Topics : Front Range Community College
Debatabase Arguments for /against debating topics.
Points of View List current topics covered on first page.
Topic selection is of the utmost importance in an argument essay. The writer should focus on picking a topic that is current and relevant to society and can be argued logically. It is best to avoid moral topics because they do not always support logical discussion. Additionally, any potential topic for an argument essay should be current, debatable, researchable and manageable.
Sometimes it is difficult to find both sides of an argument. Here are some tips to use when you are searching databases.
Try adding (usually one at a time, or separated by "OR") the words or phrases listed below. Some will be more useful than others depending on your topic. Try to imagine how authors might discuss the concept you are researching.
|proponents||opposed OR opponents OR opposition|
|advocates||critics OR criticism|
|support OR supporters||resistance OR resistors|
|sponsors||damage OR costs OR burden|
|positive OR "positive effects"||negative OR "negative effects"|
Search example using pro/con keywords in a library database:
Tacoma Community College CC BY SA 4.0.
Signal phrases can...
Note the commas!
These phrases are introductory and we pause after them.
On page ___, the author [verb]
In the study/article/book by [author],
According to [title],
Here are some strong verbs to use when constructing a signal phrase.
A second job of a signal phrase is to prepare your reader for an explanation. These signal phrases come after your evidence and signal that you are now going to explain what the evidence means.
Arguments all follow the same basic strategy. A very easy way to remember it is as OREEO:
O: State your opinion. In other words, tell the audience what your point is or what you are going to prove. This is also called a thesis or a claim. This typically answers the question, "What do I think?
R: Give a reason. A reason may be logical or it may be evidence-based. A reason typically answers the question, "Why do I think this?"
E: Back up your reason with evidence. Evidence answers the question, "How do I know this is the case?" Evidence is also known as data or proof. It can take many forms: quotes from experts, statistics, testimonials, interviews, surveys, experimental data, and sometimes even your own experience.
E: Explain the evidence. The connection will be clear in your head -- but not necessarily your audience's, especially if your opinion is a controversial or difficult one to comprehend. As a writer, it is your job to make the connection between your opinion and the evidence clear to the reader. This can be done with an answer to the question, "Why is the evidence presented relevant to the claim at hand?" Called a warrant, it tells the reader why your opinion is true.
Explanation can also take the form of impact, where you explain why the reader should care. Why is your opinion important? What is the significance of your opinion and the evidence supporting it? Impact tells a reader what to do with your argument.
An important distinction needs to be made at this point: explanations in argumentation are about evidence and not about persuasion.
O: Link back to your opinion. Remind the reader one more time what your point/claim/thesis was in a way that does not sound repetitive, but reinforces the point you were trying to make.
a. Thesis Statement
2. Argument 1
b. Evidence 2
a. Restate Thesis
Summarize how you proved your argument
2. Healthy Food Price