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Freedom Riders: Learn More

This guide was created to tie in with the visiting exhibit from the Gilder Lehrman Institute, Freedom Riders.

North Carolina : 1947 Journey of Reconciliation

Oral History Interview with Igal Roodenko, April 11, 1974.

"Already a member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Roodenko helped to organize the Journey, an interracial endeavor to test the Supreme Court's ruling in the Irene Morgan case (1946) as it applied to public transportation in the South".

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill : Documenting the American South

Encyclopedia of Alabama

New Georgia Encyclopedia

The Good Fight : James Farmer Remembers the Civil Rights Movement

"One of the most eloquent speakers in history, James Farmer used his voice and actions to inspire nonviolence and integration. As one of the Big Four leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, Farmer led and founded the Congress Of Racial Equality (CORE) and was integral in organizing the famous Freedom Rides in 1961James Farmer taught at Mary Washington College (now University of Mary Washington) from 1984 to 1998. Thirteen reflection lectures were filmed by a local news channel WNVT-TV Channel 53".

Image from the trailer The James Farmer Lectures: "In His Own Words."

Click to view a series of lectures by James Farmer, recorded at Mary Washington College in 1983. These lectures are part of the James Farmer Lectures digital archive, created by Laura Donahue ’12, Michelle Martz ’12, Kelsey Matthews ’13, and Caitlin Murphy ’12 for Dr. Jeffrey McClurken's Adventures in Digital History seminar.  ( University of Mary Washington Libraries )


National Youth Summit : The Freedom Rides

Teacher's Guide  National Youth Summit : Freedom Rides

Smithsonian's History Explorer : Freedom Rides Historical Standards and Resources Reference center is dedicated to providing information to the general public on African American history and on the history of the more than one billion people of African ancestry around the world.